Scatter graphics: Championship, 16 Oct 2017

Here’s another update to the scatter graphics, which compare the attacking and defensive performances of every team in a division. Each of the four graphics is explained briefly below and at length here.

Shot dominance

First of all, here is how the number of shots taken by each club compares with those they face in return. The average number of shots taken per match is on the horizontal and the average number faced is on the vertical, so bottom right (take plenty, allow few in return) is good while top left (take few, allow plenty) is bad. The stripes are like contours: the greener the stripe, the better the performance (and vice versa for red).

Brentford may be 18th in the table but they’ve been the most dominant shooters in the division so far, with three more chances created per match than anyone else and one of the more miserly defences. It definitely looks like there’s plenty of scope for them to climb the table.

QPR in 15th are another team who look better than their league position suggests, while the opposite can be said about 10th-placed Ipswich.

Burton have allowed almost 10 more shots per game than they’ve taken, which spells trouble quite frankly.

Attacking effectiveness

Now let’s look at attacking alone. The horizontal axis stays the same as in the graphic above, but now the vertical shows the average number of shots needed to score each league goal. Therefore bottom right is good (taking lots of shots and needing fewer efforts to convert) and top left is bad:

We can solve part of the Brentford mystery here: they may be taking a lot of shots but only Birmingham and Bolton have needed more attempts to score each goal so far.

There’s also a hint at why Ipswich are doing so well despite creating relatively few chances: they’ve been ruthless in front of goal so far, with fewer than six shots taken for each goal scored.

Defensive effectiveness

Next let’s look at the defensive situation – basically take the above chart and replace the word “taken” for “faced” on both axes. Now top left is good – facing fewer shots and able to soak up more per goal conceded – and bottom right is bad:

Preston‘s defence has stood out so far: only Cardiff‘s has allowed fewer shots and nobody has soaked up more for each goal conceded.

It’s not just the attacks that aren’t firing properly at underachievers Brentford and QPR: their defences have been pretty leaky too. The same goes for Bolton, who unfortunately boast both the most wasteful attack and the most porous defence so far.

It’s interesting to see that two of the relegated clubs – Hull and Sunderland – are shipping goals so readily, given that their defences have recent experience of Premier League attacks. However, a lot of said experience will have been lost with the extensive remodelling of both squads.

Expected goals

Finally here’s an attempt at correcting the first graphic for the quality of chances created and allowed, using the same “expected goals” values that power my shot timelines (explained here). The reason for doing this is that the results tend to correlate more strongly with performance than when we treat all shots equally:

When we correct for shot quality, Burton somehow contrive to look even worse: they’re creating chances of around a third of the quality of what they allow their opponents, which is dire and really needs to change.

Cardiff still look the best overall, second only to Bristol City among a host of strong attacks and with a relatively shot-shy Sheffield United their closest challengers in defence.

Fellow title challengers Wolves also – unsurprisingly – look pretty strong overall, while both Hull and Millwall need to improve defensively if their impressive attacks are to fire them up the table.