Scatter graphics: League 1, 29 Sep 2018

With the majority of EFL clubs now having played 10 matches this season, it’s time to switch the scatter graphics back on in full. These compare the attacking and defensive performances of every team in a division. Each of the four graphics is explained briefly below and at length here.

Shot dominance

First of all, here is how the number of shots taken by each club compares with those they face in return. The average number of shots taken per match is on the horizontal and the average number faced is on the vertical, so bottom right (take plenty, allow few in return) is good while top left (take few, allow plenty) is bad. The stripes are like contours: the greener the stripe, the better the performance (and vice versa for red).

Barnsley continue to stand out as the most dominant side in the division, particularly in attack where they’re having three more shots per match than anyone else. Luton and Southend look capable of rising above their current mid-table position with some very healthy numbers here. Peterborough are in a very confusing position, but the fourth chart below will help to make some sense of this.

Attacking effectiveness

Now let’s look at attacking alone. The horizontal axis stays the same as in the graphic above, but now the vertical shows the average number of shots needed to score each league goal. Therefore bottom right is good (taking lots of shots and needing fewer efforts to convert) and top left is bad:

Bradford’s struggles have an obvious cause: they’re not creating much and aren’t making good use of the chances that do fall their way. Peterborough have been the most ruthless finishers in the division, taking fewer shots than bottom side Plymouth but needing around five times fewer attempts to find the net on average – I’d expect this to cool off a bit unless something unusual is going on in their attack.

Defensive effectiveness

Next let’s look at the defensive situation – basically take the above chart and replace the word “taken” for “faced” on both axes. Now top left is good – facing fewer shots and able to soak up more per goal conceded – and bottom right is bad:

While both Luton and Southend are allowing impressively few attempts at their goal, the ones that do get through have been disproportionately likely to end up in their net. Oxford and Rochdale have also looked pretty leaky, while Blackpool have proven incredibly tough to break down. Peterborough and Walsall have allowed plenty of chances but both have kept themselves competitive by soaking up a lot of that pressure.

Expected goals

Finally here’s an attempt at correcting the first graphic for the quality of chances created and allowed, using the same “expected goals” values that power my shot timelines (explained here). The reason for doing this is that the results tend to correlate more strongly with performance than when we treat all shots equally:

When we adjust for chance quality, Barnsley are still the standout team by some distance, so if they keep this up then anything less than automatic promotion would be a huge missed opportunity. Compared to the first chart, Peterborough have scuttled into their traditional top right quadrant, suggesting that a high proportion of the chances they create are from good goalscoring positions. Fleetwood look as though they need a bit more guile up front, and an honourable mention has to go to Accrington who have adapted impressively well to life in the third tier.